Tawheed


  • Tawheed

The Prophet said, “O Mu’adh! Do you know what Allah’s Right upon His slaves is?” I said, “Allah and His Apostle know best.” The Prophet said, “To worship Him (Allah) Alone and to join none in worship with Him (Allah). Do you know what their right upon Him is?” I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know best.” The Prophet said, “Not to punish them (if they do so).” (Sahih Bukhari)

  • The Importance of Tawheed

The Foundations the first of those principles and foundations is Tawheed (to single out Allaah with all forms of worship, so that you make all of your worship for Allaah alone)

  1. Oneness of Allaah Azza wa jal: And he mentioned that Tawheed (to single out Allaah with all forms of worship, so that you make all of your worship for Allaah alone) is either belief and action.

Belief: that we believe that Allaah Tabaraka wa ta’alaa is one in His actions and Allaah is one in His Names and Attributes, and Allaah Tabaraka wa ta’alaa does not have a father Allaah Tabarakta wa ta’alaa does not have His Offspring Allaah Tabarakta wa ta’alaa likewise does not have a spouse the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam mentioned: Al Hamd , which is to praise and thank, Allaah Azza wa jal, so this means that we are praising Allaah Tabarakta wa ta’alaa, and we Give Him due praise, and likewise thereafter , wa Nasta’eenuhu, and we seek assistance (help) from Allaah Azza wa jal verily the support come from Allaah and verily the strength is with Allaah Azza wa jal, with no one else and this is when we say:

Wa Nasta’eenuhu :this is the action that we are seeking the assistance and support from Allaah Azza wa jal, and we do not seek assistance or support from anyone other than Allaah Azza wa jal and this is mentioned in the Surat Al  Fatihah( The Mothers of the Book) when we say

إِيَّاكَ نَعۡبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسۡتَعِينُ

IyyakanaAAbudu waiyyaka nastaAAeenu

You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

So worship is an action, and likewise, Waiyyaka nastaAAeen: seeking the support is also an action this is also mentioned in the Surat AL Ikhlas, where it informs of the Tawheed of the Belief and we mentioned and declare that Allaah Tabarakta wa ta’alaa is one and that Our Lord Allaah Tabarakta wa ta’alaa He has no partners, there in no one who is similar to Him, there is no one with Him Tabarakta wa ta’alaa, this is also mentioned in Surat Al Ikhlas, and it’s also mentioned in Surat Al Kafirun Allaah says In Sûrat Al-Kâfirûn(The Disbelievers)(109):1-6)

O Al-Kafirûn (disbelievers in Allâh, in His Oneness, in His Angels, in His Books, in His Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in Al-Qadar).”I worship not that which you worship, “Nor will you worship that which I worship.”In addition, I shall not worship that which you are worshipping. “Nor will you worship that which I worship.”To you be your religion, and to me my religion (Islâmic Monotheism).”

Therefore, the Tawheed (to single out Allaah with all forms of worship, so that you make all of your worship for Allaah alone) of Action and the Tawheed of Belief is also mentioned in all of these verses, the Shaykh Hafidhullaah ta’alaa mentioned.

Because of this reality the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam mentioned that Surat Ikhlas its is equivalent to a third of Qur’an

The Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam mentioned that Surat Al Ikhlas is Equivalent to a third of the Qur’an.

The Shaykh Hafidhullaah ta’alaa mentions that that subject of Qur’an is divided in to three.

Subjects Divided in to three categories.

  1. Tawheed (the belief in Allâh Azza wa jal, in His Oneness, in His Angels, in His Books, in His Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in Al-Qadar).”all this is Tawheed. The Barzak , and the Punishment and the Matters which are unseen.
  2. Rulings( of the religion, commands and Prohibitions, and permissible and impermissible)
  3. And the Story of the Prophets(from the time of Adam Alayhi sallam to the time of the Our beloved Prophet  Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wasallam

The Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam mentioned that Surat Al Ikhlas is Equivalent to a third of the Qur’an.

And specifically how did the Prophets call their people to Tawheed (to single out Allaah in all acts of worship and to abandon the worship of anything else) how they called their people to worship of Allaah, and leaving alone the worship of other besides Him, and leaving alone the worship of  false gods(trees, stones, etc)

Source: Abdurrahman.org

 

  • The meaning of “La ilaha illa Allah”

All praise is due to Allah Alone, and may peace and blessings be upon the Noblest of the messengers, our Prophet Muhammad, his family, his Companions, and those who righteously follow them until the Day of Resurrection.

I have read the article written by our brother in Islam, the eminent Shaykh `Umar ibn Ahmad Al-Millibary on the meaning of “La ilaha illa Allah (there is no god but Allah)”. I read the explanation of the Shaykh thoroughly on the three points of view regarding its meaning. The definitions are as follows:

First, it means that there is no god truly worthy of worship except Allah.

Second, that there is no god truly worthy of obedience except Allah.

Third, that there is no god but Allah.

The correct definition, as he stated, is the first which is clarified in the Book of Allah (Glorified be He) many times. For instance, Allah (Glorified be He) states: You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything). And: And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. He (Glorified be He) also states: And I (Allâh) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). And: That is because Allâh — He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Bâtil (falsehood).

Part No. 2; Page No. 6)

There are many Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) to this effect. Moreover, this is the meaning that the Mushriks (those who associate others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) understood from “La ilaha illa Allah,” when the Prophet (peace be upon him) called them to it, saying: O my people, say ‘La ilaha illa Allah’, and you will succeed.

They denied it and haughtily rejected to accept it because they understood that it contradicts their forefathers’ worship and deification of idols, trees and stones, as Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says in Surah Sad: And they (Arab pagans) wonder that a warner (Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) has come to them from among themselves. And the disbelievers say: “This (Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) is a sorcerer, a liar.” “Has he made the âlihah (gods) (all) into One Ilâh (God – Allâh). Verily, this is a curious thing!”

In Surah Al-Saffat, Allah (Glorified be He) says concerning the Mushriks: Truly, when it was said to them: Lâ ilâha illallâh “(none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh),” they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And (they) said: “Are we going to abandon our âlihah (gods) for the sake of a mad poet?” This indicates that the Mushriks understood that the meaning of “La ilaha illa Allah” superseded their deities and necessitated dedicating their acts of worship to Allah Alone. Thus, when anyone of them embraced Islam, he gave up Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) completely and dedicated all acts of worship to Allah Alone. Had “La ilaha illa Allah” meant only that there is no god but Allah, or that there is none worthy of obedience but Allah, they would have never rejected it. That is because they already knew that Allah is their Lord and Creator Who must be obeyed in the orders they believed to come from Him (Glorified be He). Rather, they believed that worship of idols, prophets, angels, righteous people, trees and the like were their intercessors with Allah and brought them closer to Him. Allah (Glorified be He) says: And they worship besides Allâh things that harm them not, nor profit them, and they say: “These are our intercessors with Allâh.”

(Part No. 2; Page No. 7)

Allah (Glorified be He) refuted this and answered them, saying: …Say: “Do you inform Allâh of that which He knows not in the heavens and on the earth?” Glorified and Exalted is He above all that which they associate as partners (with Him)! He (Glorified and Exalted be He) also says: The revelation of this Book (the Qur’ân) is from Allâh, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. Verily We have sent down the Book to you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) in truth: So worship Allâh (Alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allâh’s sake only. Surely the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allâh only. And those who take Auliyâ’ (protectors, helpers, lords, gods) besides Him (say): “We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allâh.”

The pagans claimed that they worshiped others only to bring them near to Allah, but Allah (Glorified be He) answered this saying: Verily, Allâh will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allâh guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever.

Allah (Glorified be He) declared that they are liars in their claim that their deities bring them near to Allah, and disbelievers because of committing this act. There are many Ayahs that support this meaning.

All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, his Companions, and those who righteously follow them until the Day of Resurrection.

Source: Alifat.com

 

Q: What is the meaning of Tawhid-ul-Rububiyyah (Oneness of Allah’s Lordship), Tawhid-ul-Uluhiyyah (Oneness of Worship), and Tawhid-ul-Asma’ wal-Sifat (Oneness of Allah’s Names and Attributes)?

A: Tawhid-ul-Rububiyyah is to believe in Allah’s Omnipotence; He Alone is the Originator of creation, maintenance, life, death, etc. As for Tawhid-ul-Uluhiyyah, it is the sincerity of devotional acts e.g. Salah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakah (obligatory charity), vows and sacrificial animals. Tawhid-ul-Asma’ wal-Sifat is to talk of Allah’s Names and Attributes in the same manner He and His Prophet (peace be upon him) did; giving Him the same Names and Attributes He calls Himself therewith free from Tashbih (comparison), Tamthil (likening Allah’s Attributes to those of His Creation), Tahrif (distortion of the meaning), or Ta`til (denial of Allah’s Attributes).

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Source : Alifta.com

 

Q : What are the types of Tawhid (monotheism) and what is the definition of each type?

A: There are three types of Tawhid: Tawhid-ul-Rububiyyah (Oneness of Allah’s Lordship), Tawhid-ul-Uluhiyyah (Oneness of Worship) and Tawhid-ul-Asma’ wal-Sifat (Oneness of Allah’s Names and Attributes). Tawhid-ul-Rububiyyah is testifying that Allah alone is the Creator, the Sustainer, the Giver and the Taker of life, and the Controller of all affairs in the dominion of the heavens and the earth. It also means attributing Governance and Legislation only to Allah, through sending His Messengers and revelation of His Books. Allah says (what means): Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed is Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists)! (Surah Al-A‘raf, 7: 54). Tawhid-ul-Uluhiyyah is the worship of Allah alone; nothing else is to be worshipped, invoked, or sought for help. Vows and sacrificial animals must be dedicated exclusively to Him. Allah states: Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “Verily, my Salât (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists). “He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” (Surah Al-An‘am, 6: 162-163). He also states: Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). (Surah Al-Kawthar, 108: 2). Tawhid-ul-Asma’ wal-Sifat means describing Allah the way He has described Himself, and the way His Messenger (peace be upon him) described Him; and naming Allah with the Names that He has named Himself with, and His Messenger (peace be upon him) named Him with, in the Sahih (authentic) Hadiths, without Tashbih (comparison), Tamthil (likening Allah’s Attributes to those of His Creation), Ta’wil (allegorical interpretation) or Ta‘til (denial of Allah’s Attributes).

(Part No. 1; Page No. 56)

There is nothing like Him; and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Surah Al-Shura, 42: 11).

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Source: Alifta.com

 

  • What does Shirk mean? What is the meaning of Allah’s Saying: O you who believe! Do your duty to Allâh and fear Him. And seek the means of approach to Him ?

A: Shirk is defined as associating others with Allah in `Ibadah (worship), such as invoking, seeking relief, making vows, offering Salah (prayers), fasting, or slaughtering animals for the idols. For example, it is Shirk that a person slaughters animals for Al-Badawy or Al-`Aydarus, offers Salah for a human being, or asks help from the Messenger (peace be upon him) or `Abdul-Qadir, Al-`Aydarus in Yemen or any deceased or absent people. These acts are called Shirk. Similarly, invoking the stars or the jinn, seeking their relief and help, or dedicating any acts of worship to inanimate objects, a deceased or absent person, are all forms of associating others with Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) in worship. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: But if they had joined in worship others with Allâh, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them. Allah (Glorified be He) says: And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), as it was to those (Allâh’s Messengers) before you: “If you join others in worship with Allâh, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers.” It is also Shirk if a person totally dedicates acts of worship to other than Allah (Exalted be He). This may be called Shirk or Kufr. For instance, a person who turns away from Allah (Exalted be He) and worships others, such as trees, stones, idols, jinn or deceased people whom they falsely claim to be Awliya’ (pious people), offering them Salah or fasting and totally forgetting Allah (Exalted be He), he is guilty of committing Kufr and major Shirk. May Allah save us from that.

Similarly, the atheists and those like them such as communists who deny the existence of Allah (Exalted be He) and claim that life is only matter are

(Part No. 4; Page No. 33)

the worst disbelievers who flagrantly commit Shirk and live in error – may Allah save us from that. People who adopt such beliefs fall under the category of Shirk and Kufr alike. Perhaps some ignorant people erroneously view invoking or seeking relief from the dead as permissible means to be closer to Allah (Exalted be He). This is a great mistake since this act is one of the most abominable kinds of Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship). It is Shirk even if ignorant people and polytheists consider it a permissible means. In fact, this represents the belief of the pagans whom Allah (Exalted be He) dispraised and disparaged for holding this view. Indeed, Allah (Exalted be He) sent His Messengers and revealed His Books to condemn and warn people against it. The means of approach mentioned in Allah’s Saying: O you who believe! Do your duty to Allâh and fear Him. And seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause (as much as you can) refers to drawing closer to Allah (Glorified be He) through obeying Him. Scholars unanimously agreed on that meaning. Actually, Salah, slaughtering sacrificial animals, observing fasting, giving charity, remembering Allah, and reading the Qur’an are all acts of worship that bring a Muslim closer to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He). This is the meaning of Allah’s Saying: Do your duty to Allâh and fear Him. And seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause (as much as you can) i.e. seek the means of approach to Allah through obeying Him, as held by Ibn Kathir, Ibn Jarir, Al-Baghawy and other scholars of Tafsir (explanation/exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’an). In other words, Muslims should seek the means of approach to Allah (Exalted be He) by obeying Him and doing lawful acts, such as Salah, fasting, and giving charity. Allah (Exalted be He) says: Those whom they call upon [like ‘Isâ (Jesus) – son of Maryam (Mary), ‘Uzair (Ezra), angel] desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allâh), as to which of them should be the nearest; and they [‘Isâ (Jesus), ‘Uzair (Ezra), angels and others] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. The Messengers and their followers draw closer to Allah (Exalted be He) through the means He ordained, such as making Jihad (fighting), fasting, Salah, Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah), and reading the Qur’an. Thus, it is false that some people believe that invoking or seeking relief from ‘Awliya’ is a proper means of drawing closer to Allah (Exalted be He).

(Part No. 4; Page No. 34)

On the contrary, this is the belief of the polytheists about whom Allah (Exalted be He) says: And they worship besides Allâh things that harm them not, nor profit them, and they say: “These are our intercessors with Allâh.” Allah (Glorified be He) replied to them, saying: …Say: “Do you inform Allâh of that which He knows not in the heavens and on the earth?” Glorified and Exalted is He above all that which they associate as partners (with Him)!

Source : Alifta.com

 

  • Things that invalidate Islam

All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, his family, his Companions, and those who follow his guidance.

A Muslim should know that Allah (Glorified be He) has made it obligatory for all mankind to embrace Islam, firmly abide by it and avoid what contradicts it. Allah sent His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to call people to this, informing them that whoever follows him will be guided and whoever turns away from him will be misguided. In many Ayahs (Qur’anic verses), Allah warned people against causes of apostasy and all forms of Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) and Kufr (disbelief). Under the topic of the rulings of the apostate, scholars (may Allah be merciful to them) mentioned that a Muslim may become an apostate by committing one of the things that nullifies Islam and renders his blood and money violable and turn him out of the fold of Islam. The most dangerous and common ten nullifiers of Islam are mentioned by Shaykh and Imam Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhab and other scholars (may Allah be merciful to them). Here we will list them in brief so that a Muslim can keep away from them and warn people against them in hope for safety and well-being. We will briefly elaborate on them.

First: Associating others with Allah in worship. Allah (Exalted be He) says: Verily, Allâh forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills He (Exalted be He) also says: Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allâh, then Allâh has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers. This includes invoking the dead, seeking relief, vowing, or offering sacrifice for them.

Second: Anyone who takes intermediaries between himself and Allah, whom he invokes, asks them for intercession with Allah, and puts his trust in them has committed Kufr, according to the Ijma` (consensus of scholars).

(Part No. 1; Page No. 131)

Third: Anyone who does not consider the Mushriks (those who associate others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) to be disbelievers, or has doubts about their Kufr, or considers their ways and beliefs to be correct, has committed Kufr.

Fourth: Anyone who believes that some guidance other than that of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is more complete than his guidance or that someone else’s judgment is better than his judgment, such as those who prefer the judgment of the Taghut (false gods) over his judgment, such a person is judged to be a Kafir (disbeliever).

Fifth: Anyone who hates any of the teachings that the Messenger (peace be upon him) brought, even though he may act on it, has committed Kufr. Allah (Exalted be He) says: That is because they hate that which Allâh has sent down (this Qur’ân and Islâmic laws, etc.); so He has made their deeds fruitless.

Sixth: Anyone who mocks or ridicules any part of the Messenger’s religion, its rewards or punishments, has committed Kufr. Allah (Exalted be He) says: Say: “Was it at Allâh (عز وجل), and His Ayât (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations) and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that you were mocking?” Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed.

Seventh: Witchcraft which includes magic spells that cause a person to hate or love someone or something. Anyone who practices it or is pleased with it has committed Kufr. The proof of this is the Saying of Allah (Exalted be He): …but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).”

Eighth: Supporting and assisting the Mushriks against the Muslims. The proof of this is the Saying of Allah (Exalted be He): And if any amongst you takes them as Auliyâ’, then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allâh guides not those people who are the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers and unjust).

Ninth: Anyone who believes that it is permissible for some people not to apply the Shari`ah (Islamic law) which Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) brought has committed Kufr. Allah (Exalted be He) says: And whoever seeks a religion other than Islâm, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.

Tenth: Turning away from Allah’s Religion, not learning it, or implementing it (is an act of Kufr). The proof of this is the Saying of Allah (Exalted be He):

(Part No. 1; Page No. 132)

And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayât (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, then turns aside therefrom? Verily, We shall exact retribution from the Mujrimûn (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners).

There is no difference in committing these nullifiers between the one utters them in jest, in earnest, or even out of fear except for a person who says them under coercion. All of these (ten) matters are the gravest nullifiers that most often occur. A Muslim must beware of and keep away from these acts. We seek refuge with Allah from the things that cause His Anger and severe punishment. May Allah’s Peace be upon the best of His Creation Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The fourth nullifier includes those who believe that man-made laws and constitutions are better than the Shari`ah, equal to it, or that it is permissible to resort to them for judgment, even if he believes that the judgment of Shari`ah is better. It also includes whoever believes that it is not proper to implement the system of Islam in the twentieth century, that this is a cause for the backwardness of Muslims, or that it is limited to relationship between the servant and his Lord and should not interfere in the other affairs of life. The fourth category also includes those who hold that carrying out Allah’s ordained punishments, such as cutting off the hand of a thief or stoning an adulterer is not befitting for this modern era. This category includes those who believe that it is permissible to rule by something other than Allah’s Law in matters of transactions, Hudud (ordained punishments for violating Allah’s Law) and so on, even if he does not believe that it is better than ruling by the Shari`ah. This is because, by doing this, he makes lawful that which Allah forbade, according to the Ijma`. Similarly, whoever makes lawful that which Allah has prohibited, and this prohibition is indisputably established, such as Zina (sexual intercourse outside marriage), Khamr (intoxicants), Riba (usury or interest) and ruling by anything other than the Shari`ah, then he is a Kafir by Ijma`.

May Allah guide all of us to what pleases Him. May Allah guide us and all Muslims to His Straight Path. He is All-Hearer, Ever Near. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Source: Alifta.com

 

 

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